In this article, we are going to talk about operators in C#, how to use them and what are the differences between each of them.

For the complete navigation of this series check out: C# Back to Basics.

In this article, we are going to cover:

- Type of Operators
- Arithmetic Operators
- Relational Operators
- Logical Operators
- Increment and Decrement Operators
- Conclusion

## Type of Operators

The most used operators in C# are:

## Arithmetic Operators

Arithmetic operators are defined for all the numeric data types. Operators +, -, *, / represent the basic binary arithmetic operations (addition, subtraction, multiplication and division). Operator % is the remainder after division. The important thing to notice is that the + operator behaves differently with the number and string types. With the numbers, the result of expression 5 + 5 is 10. But with the strings, the result of expression „5“ + „5“ is „55“. So with the number type, it is an addition operator but with the string type, it is a concatenation operator.

## Relational Operators

All the relational operators return a true or false result. They are used to compare expressions or variables from both sides of the relational operator. These operators have a lower priority than arithmetic ones. So in the following example: `x*a-8*b>y+5*z;`

the left side of the greater than operator has calculated first then the right side and then they are compared.

For the value type variables and the strings, the `==`

(equality) operator will return true only if they are the same, otherwise, it will return false. But if variables are reference types then the `==`

operator will return true only if those two variables point to the same memory location, otherwise, it will return false.

So let’s see this through an example:

We see that `a`

and` b`

are the equal as well as the `s1`

and `s2`

. But the `student1`

and `student2`

are not equal because they point to different memory locations. But if we create another variable of type `Student`

and assign the value of `student1`

variable to it, the `==`

operator will return true:

## Logical Operators

The logical operators `&&`

(and) and `||`

(or) serve to connect logical values. Expression `<expression1>&&<expression2>`

is true only if both expressions are true. Expression `<expression1>||<expression2>`

is false only if both expressions are false, otherwise, it is true.

The `!`

(negation) operator negates logical value it is applied on. It has the highest priority of all the operators mentioned. So the expression `!logicalValue`

will be false only if logicalValue is true and vice verse.

Let’s see this with an example:

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 | class Program { static void Main(string[] args) { int a = 14; int b = 30; int c = 20; if(a < b && a < c) { Console.WriteLine($"min number is {a}"); } if(a < b || a < c) { Console.WriteLine("The a variable is smaller then b or c"); } if(!(a > b)) { Console.WriteLine("a is less than b"); } } } |

## Increment and Decrement Operators

In the C# language, we can use operators that increments and decrements the variable value by 1. Those operators are `++`

and `--`

, and they are very useful in many cases. So, the better way of writing this code:

1 2 3 4 5 | static void Main(string[] args) { int a = 15; a = a + 1; //now it is 16 } |

Would be to write it like this:

1 2 3 4 5 | static void Main(string[] args) { int a = 15; a++; //now it is 16 } |

The same applies for the `--`

operator.

These two operators have the prefix notations: –variable, ++variable and the suffix notations: variable–, variable++ . Even though both notations will change the value by 1, the result will be different. This is easier to explain through an example:

What we can notice is that the prefix notation decrements the value of `"a"`

variable first and then assigns that value to the `"b"`

variable. But the expression with suffix notation is different. The value of the `"c"`

variable is assigned to the `"d"`

variable first and then decremented by 1.

The same applies for the increment operator:

## Conclusion

Excellent. Now we have more knowledge about operators in C#. In a next part, we are going to talk about the type-conversions in C#.

In the next post, we are going to talk about type conversions in C#.

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